The Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE)

The National Conference of Bar Examiners has produced the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) since 1980. In 2016, the MPRE was required in 53 jurisdictions.

The MPRE consists of 60 multiple-choice questions whose scope of coverage includes the following: regulation of the legal profession; the client-lawyer relationship; client confidentiality; conflicts of interest; competence, legal malpractice, and other civil liability; litigation and other forms of advocacy; transactions and communications with persons other than clients; different roles of the lawyer; safekeeping funds and other property; communications about legal services; lawyers’ duties to the public and the legal system; and judicial conduct. The purpose of the MPRE is to measure the examinee’s knowledge and understanding of established standards related to a lawyer’s professional conduct.

The MPRE scaled score is a standard score. Standard scaled scores range from 50 (low) to 150 (high). The mean (average) scaled score was established at 100, based upon the performance of the examinees who took the MPRE in March 1999. The conversion of raw scores to scaled scores involves a statistical process that adjusts for variations in the difficulty of different forms of the examination so that any particular scaled score will represent the same level of knowledge from test to test. For instance, if a test is more difficult than previous tests, then the scaled scores on that test will be adjusted upward to account for this difference. If a test is easier than previous tests, then the scaled scores on the test will be adjusted downward to account for this difference. The purpose of these adjustments is to help ensure that no examinee is unfairly penalized or rewarded for taking a more or less difficult form of the test. Passing scores are established by each
jurisdiction.

Jurisdictions Using the MPRE in 2016
(with Pass/Fail Standards Indicated)

Map of Jurisdictions Using the MPRE in 2016 (with Pass/Fail Standards Indicated)

2016 MPRE National Summary Statistics (Based on Scaled Scores)

Note: The values reflect valid scores available electronically as of 1/26/2017 on both standard and alternative forms of the MPRE.

2016 MPRE National Score Distributions

Note: The values reflect valid scores available electronically as of 1/26/2017 on both standard and alternative forms of the MPRE.These data represent scaled scores in increments of 10. For example, the percentage reported for 70 includes examinees whose MPRE scaled scores were between 70 and 79.

MPRE National Examinee Counts, 2007–2016

Note: The values reflect valid scores available electronically as of 1/26/2017 on both standard and alternative forms of the MPRE.

MPRE National Mean Scaled Scores, 2007–2016

Note: The values reflect valid scores available electronically as of 1/26/2017 on both standard and alternative forms of the MPRE.

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